The University of Auckland
GUiNZ_NWA12 Extended Factsheet_Emerging Autonomy and Independence.pdf (490.93 kB)

Now We Are 12 – Extended Factsheet: Stepping into Adolescence: Emerging Autonomy and Independence

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By 12 years of age, young people are gaining greater autonomy, which includes increasing independence from parents and whānau and developing their own sense of identity, agency and decision making. This autonomy is multidimensional – it can be seen in the ways young people behave and move about, how they express emotion, and how they think.

At the 12-year-old data collection wave, Growing Up in New Zealand measured three key constructs that relate to young people’s autonomy:

  • Parental supervision and monitoring
  • Independence in the neighbourhood
  • Financial independence

This factsheet describes the data collected from the Growing Up in New Zealand birth cohort at age 12 years and highlights research possibilities in relation to emerging autonomy and independence in adolescence.


Crown funding managed by the Ministry of Social Development



Growing Up in New Zealand: University of Auckland

Spatial coverage

New Zealand

Temporal coverage: start


Temporal coverage: end


Data Collection Wave

DCW12 (12-years)