The University of Auckland
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NZES1993: New Zealand Election Survey

Version 5 2016-10-03, 04:26
Version 4 2016-01-06, 00:22
Version 3 2015-08-31, 05:25
Version 2 2015-08-31, 05:21
Version 1 2015-08-31, 05:19
posted on 2016-10-03, 04:26 authored by Jack Vowles, Peter Aimer, Helena Catt, Raymond MillerRaymond Miller, Jim Lamare

The post-election survey focused on voting trends and decision-making in the 1993 New Zealand general election. Voters were questioned on: parties/politicians and the politics and issues of each; economic policy; attitudes to other policies and values; their attitudes on the extent of representation and the level of participation; party preferences and voting; the role of elections and types of electoral reforms.

Background variables include age, sex, country of birth, place of residence, racial, religious and class identity, personal income, marital status, level of education, employment status, income, spouse’s employment status and income.


Foundation for Research, Science & Technology; University of Waikato Research Committee



Simple random sample; number of units in original sample: 3,050. All unanswered questionnaires were followed up by sending up to two more questionnaires. If this failed, then one telephone interview was conducted with up to two callbacks.


New Zealand Electoral Rolls prior to 1993 Election (excluding supplementary).

Mode of Collection

Self-completion (mail out, mail back).


Several weighting variables are provided for more representative analysis.

Series Information

Through the analysis of political behaviour over successive New Zealand elections, we have been monitoring the democratic process in New Zealand during a period of social and economic change and, most particularly, during the transition between electoral systems: the first past the post (FPP) or plurality electoral system in effect in New Zealand from the origins of the political system, and the new Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system which is in effect from the 1996 election. The NZES began in its present form in 1990. The NZES’s main source of data are questionnaires which are posted to randomly selected registered electors across the country immediately following each election. Questions focus on voting choices, political opinions, and social and demographic characteristics.

Publisher (e.g. University of Auckland)

The University of Auckland

Contact email

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