The University of Auckland
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ISSP1997: Work Orientations II

Version 4 2017-03-08, 04:18
Version 3 2017-03-08, 04:18
Version 2 2016-01-06, 02:49
Version 1 2015-06-18, 23:51
posted on 2017-03-08, 04:18 authored by Philip Gendall

The seventh of 20 years of International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) surveys in New Zealand by Professor Philip Gendall, Department of Marketing, Massey University.

A verbose rundown on topics covered follows.

Attitudes towards work. Work orientation and description of work responsibilities. Desired distribution of time for selected activities such as work, leisure time, etc.; work orientation (scale); carrying out work in household; importance of selected demands of a job; most important criteria for determination of amount of salary; influence of new technologies on job offerings and on quality of job; preference for work in service area or industry as well as in private economy or public sector.

Preference for employee status or occupational self-employment as well as for working in a large concern or in a small company; part-time employment; interest in full-time work; expected difficulties in looking for a job; payment of work; description of personal commitment to work; preference for more work and more pay or for more leisure time; certainty of one’s own job; significance of career opportunities and structuring of flexible working hours; characterization of work as hard physical activity and description of the extent of stress on the job; physical exhaustion after work; dangerous and unhealthy job situations; personal opportunity to influence the structuring of the work day or work processes.

General job description; benefit of skills learned during time in school or university; judgement on the relationship between management and employees; atmosphere at work; work satisfaction; absence in the last 6 months; search for new job in the next 12 months. Those not employed were asked: work for more than one year and time of end of last paid job; reasons for the end of employment; expected difficulties in the job search; current search for work; manner of search for work; primary income source.

Demography: sex; age; marital status; living together with a partner; education and duration of education; current employment status; employment in private or public sector; self-employment or employee; personal employees; time worked each week; superior function and span of control; company size; income; religious denomination; religiousness; union member; self-assessment of social class; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party preference; size of household and composition; city size; region; original country of origin or ethnic group affiliation.


Department of Marketing, Massey University



This survey was actually combined with the previous one on the role of government. The sample was selected from the New Zealand Electoral Rolls, with systematic random sampling within the 65 electorates in New Zealand at the time - approximately 30 people from each electorate.

Data Collector

Department of Marketing, Massey University.

Mode of Collection

Mail survey: 1,890 people were sampled for an initial mailout, which was followed by a reminder to non-respondents after 3 weeks, and a second copy of the questionnaire to those that still had not responded after another 4 weeks.

Series Information

The ISSP is a continuing annual programme of cross-national collaboration on surveys covering topics important for social science research. It brings together pre-existing social science projects and coordinates research goals, thereby adding a cross-national, cross-cultural perspective to the individual national studies. The ISSP researchers especially concentrate on developing questions that are meaningful and relevant to all countries, and can be expressed in an equivalent manner in all relevant languages.

Publisher (e.g. University of Auckland)

Massey University

Contact email

Temporal coverage [yyyy/mm/dd - yyyy/mm/dd]

1997-04-24 - 1997-08-05

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