%0 DATA
%A Gavin, Brown
%D 2020
%T Trends in student motivation profiles in TIMSS Mathematics across 20 years: Insights from cluster analysis
%U https://auckland.figshare.com/articles/presentation/Trends_in_student_motivation_profiles_in_TIMSS_Mathematics_across_20_years_Insights_from_cluster_analysis/12049260
%R 10.17608/k6.auckland.12049260.v1
%2 https://auckland.figshare.com/ndownloader/files/22142736
%K TIMSS
%K Cluster Analysis
%K motivational factors
%K self-efficacy beliefs
%K mathematics scores
%K value
%K Expectancy value model
%K Interesting effects
%K enjoyment
%K Grade 8
%X This is a presentation at the Faculty of Education & Social Work outlining the methodology and results of a recently published book, of which I am a co-author. I report results for 2015 TIMSS Math survey study of student motivational attitudes and a classical 2-step cluster analysis of attitudinal mixes in 12 countries. Student self-reported self-efficacy, value for, and interest in mathematics scores are used to create clusters of respondents. Differences in demographic and outcome characteristics of the clusters are examined. We conclude that if a mixed profile exists it is better to have high self-efficacy in than high value for mathematics, in terms of achievement. We consider that this phenomenon helps explain why the motivational variables have such weak correlations with achievement.